neděle 2. listopadu 2014

Events visualization with EvenDrops and KoExtensions (D3 and Knockout)

I have recently needed to visualize a set of events which occurred within a certain interval. Each event would have couple parameters and there would be multiple event lines. Let's say that you want to visualize the occurences of car sales in couple countries. For each sale you would also want to visualize the price and the mark of the sold car. Before writing everything from scratch, I have found EventDrops project which responded to the majority of my requirements. It had just one flaw and that is that there is no way to chart another characteristics for each event.

I have decided to add such possibility and since I am using KnockoutJS and binding to create all of my charts I have also decided to add EventDrops to my KoExtensions project - in order to make it's usage simplier. The resulting chart looks like this:

This example is available on GitHub as part of KoExtensions.

What I have added to the original event drops are the following possibilities:

  • The chart now accepts generic collection instead of just a collection of dates. The developer in turn has to specify a function to get the date for each item
  • The size of the event is dynamic
  • The color of the event is dynamic
  • Better possibility to provide a however action
  • The size of the event can use logarithmic or linear scale
  • Everything is available as KnockoutJS binding
The html is now really straightforward:
<div data-bind="eventDrops: carSales, chartOptions: carSalesOptions"></div>
The javascript behind this page contains a bit more to generate the data:
require(['knockout-3.2.0.debug', 'KoExtensions/koextbindings', 'KoExtensions/Charts/linechart', 'KoExtensions/Charts/piechart', 'KoExtensions/Charts/barchart'], function(ko) {
 function createRundomSales(country) {
  var event = {};
  var marks = ['Audi', 'BMW', 'Peugot', 'Skoda']; = country;
  event.dates = [];
  var endTime =;
  var oneMonth = 30 * 24 * 60 * 60 * 1000;
  var startTime = endTime - oneMonth;

  var max = Math.floor(Math.random() * 80);
  for (var j = 0; j < max; j++) {
   var time = Math.floor((Math.random() * oneMonth)) + startTime;
    timestamp: new Date(time),
    carMark: marks[Math.floor(Math.random() * 100) % 4],
    price: Math.random() * 100000

  return event;

 function createSales() {
  var sales = [];
  var countries = ['France', 'Germany', 'Czech Republic', 'Spain'];
  countries.forEach(function(country) {
   var countrySales = createRundomSales(country);
  return sales;

 function TestViewModels() {
  var self = this;

  self.carSales = ko.observableArray([]);

  self.carSalesOptions = {
   eventColor: function (d) { return d.carMark; },
   eventSize: function (d) { return d.price; },
   eventDate: function (d) { return d.timestamp; },
   start: new Date(2014, 8, 1)

 var vm = new TestViewModels();


In this example the createSales and createRandomSales methods are just use to get testing data. Once the testing data is generated it is stored to the carSales observable collection. Any time this collection is changed the chart would be updated.

The sales collection looks a bit like this:

The carSalesOptions object contains the charting options. These tell to the event drops chart the necessary information to specify how big and which color should be used for the given event.

1 komentář:

  1. Hello, thanks for improving the eventDrops library! I checkout the lastest version of your project and tried to run the testpages/EventDrops.html example however I received the next error: "Uncaught TypeError: Unable to process binding "eventDrops: function (){return carSales }"
    Message: eventDrops(...).start is not a function". I gave up fixing it and I've gone back to the original version of eventDrops however I hope that you'll fix this for future users.